Rewa (Hindi: रीवा) is formerly the capital of the princely state of Rewa and former state of Vindhya Pradesh

 in central India. It is an important city in the North Eastern part of Madhya Pradesh state of India bordering

Allahabad, Mirzapur and Banda Districts of Uttar Pradesh and Satna and Sidhi Districts of Madhya Pradesh.

It is the administrative center of Rewa District and Rewa Division. The City lies about 420 kilometres (261 mi)

northeast of state capital Bhopal and 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of the city of Allahabad. Rewa derives its

name from another name for Narmada River.


In the 13th century AD, the Baghels/ Vaghelas who are believed to be originated from Solanki or Chalukya clan from Gujarat came to this area and ruled from Bandhavgarh under the first ruler Raja Vyaghradev. In the mid 1550s, Raja Ramachandra Singh Baghela maintained a musically talented court, including the legendary Tansen. In 1617, Maharaja Vikramaditya Singh moved his capital to Rewa. Maharaja Martand Singh was the last ruler of Rewa who acceded to the Union of India after the country became independent.Birbal was born in Sidhi District of Rewa Kingdom. The Emperor Sher Shah Suri, died fighting with Ruler of Rewa Vir Singh at Fort of Kalinjar.Mohammed Jalaluddin Akbar, or Akbar The Great grew up in Rewa after his father, Humayun, was driven in exile. Akbar received same education and upbringing that prince Ram Singh received. Maharaja Ramchandra Singh and Akbar stayed friends. Two of the Navratnas of Akbar, Tansen and Birbal (original name Mahesh Das.) were sent from Rewa by Maharaja Ramchandra Singh once Akbar became the Emperor of India.

Rewa is also famous for its white tigers, the first one, nicknamed Mohan, was caught in Rewa.Sitar Virtuoso Pandit Ravi Shankar studied music from  Alauddin Khan of Maihar, also in Rewa.Rewa is the first princely state in India to declare Hindi as a national language in times of Maharaja Gulab Singh. He is also credited for declaring the first responsible government in modern India, providing citizens of Rewa state a right to question monarch's decision.